How big is the diversity of habitats in the karst?
In the underworld of the subterranean river Pivka live well over 100 species of cave-dwelling troglobionts, which ranks this area at the peak of the subterranean bio-diversity in the world.
The Kras is considered an area of huge biotic diversity, both by Slovene and international standards. Biotic diversity, or biodiversity, means that in a small area there is a great variety of plant and animal species. There is also a great variety of habitats. Karst areas are characterised by extensive dry karst meadows. Damp, marshy grasslands thrive in the intermittent karst lakes and along sinking rivers. High karst plateaus are covered in extensive forests, where some rare and threatened animal species have been preserved. Due to its numerous plant and animal species and diverse habitats, almost the whole of the Kras is included in the European network of important natural areas, Natura 2000.
Natura 2000 is a network of nature protected areas set by the European Union. The main objective of the network is to sustain biodiversity of fauna and flora.
Author: Slavko Polak